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Cardiorenal benefits of finerenone: protecting kidney and heart

Persons with diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a high residual risk of developing cardiovascular (CV) complications despite treatment with renin-angiotensin system blockers and sodium-glucose cotransporter type 2 inhibitors. Overactivation of mineralocorticoid receptors plays a key role in the progression of renal and CV disease, mainly by promoting inflammation and fibrosis. Finerenone is a nonsteroidal selective mineralocorticoid antagonist. Recent clinical trials, such as FIDELIO-DKD and FIGARO-DKD and the combined analysis FIDELITY have demonstrated that finerenone decreases albuminuria, risk of CKD progression, and CV risk in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and CKD. As a result, finerenone should thus be considered as part of a holistic approach to kidney and CV risk in persons with T2D and CKD. In this narrative review, the impact of finerenone treatment on the CV system in persons with type 2 diabetes and CKD is analyzed from a practical point of view.Key messages:Despite inhibition of renin-angiotensin system and sodium-glucose cotransporter type 2, persons with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) remain on high cardiovascular (CV) residual risk.Overactivation of mineralocorticoid receptors plays a key role in the progression of renal and CV disease, mainly by promoting inflammation and fibrosis that is not targeted by traditional treatments.Finerenone is a nonsteroidal selective mineralocorticoid antagonist that decreases not only albuminuria, but also the risk of CKD progression, and CV risk in subjects with T2D and CKD.

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