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7-Day Dietary Recommendations for Diabetic Kidney Disease

DKD diet plan

Balancing carbohydrates, proteins, and fats to meet dietary goals and accurately measuring food quantities and proportions are essential for managing diabetic kidney disease. Considering these principles, here are steps to help individuals with diabetes create a healthy 7-day meal plan:

  1. Establish daily calorie and carbohydrate goals.
  2. Determine the total amount of carbohydrates and other foods needed to meet these goals.
  3. Divide these quantities of carbohydrates and other foods into meals and snacks throughout the day.
  4. Create a list of your favorite and familiar foods and try to incorporate them into your diet while aligning with your daily goals.
  5. Utilize food energy exchange tables and other resources to plan your daily meals.
  6. Plan your diet to make the most of ingredients, for example, having roasted chicken one day and using the leftovers for chicken soup the next day.
  7. Repeat this process for each day of the week.
  8. Regularly monitor blood sugar and weight daily to assess whether your meal plan is producing the expected results.
diet plan

Factors to Consider in a 7-Day Meal Plan

Maintaining a balance between carbohydrate intake, physical activity, and insulin or other medications is crucial.

Actively incorporate an adequate amount of dietary fiber into your diet, as it helps effectively manage blood sugar and reduces the risk of high cholesterol, weight gain, cardiovascular diseases, and other health issues.

Limit the consumption of high-sugar processed carbohydrates and foods, such as candies, cookies, and sodas. These foods are more likely to cause rapid spikes in blood sugar compared to whole grains and vegetables.

Understand how diet impacts diabetes complications. For example, excessive salt intake can increase the risk of high blood pressure.

Consider whether weight management is necessary. For overweight individuals with diabetes, losing weight can slow down the progression of diabetes and reduce the risk of complications.

7-day meal plans should be tailored to individual needs and incorporate expert advice, including recommendations from healthcare professionals or nutritionists.

An ideal diabetes meal plan consists of three meals a day, along with snacks. Here are two 7-day meal plans based on a daily intake of 1,200 calories, providing up to three servings of healthy, high-fiber carbohydrates in each meal or snack to serve as dietary examples for individuals with diabetes.

DKD diet plan

Diabetic Kidney Disease 1200-Calorie 7-Day Meal Plan


Breakfast: One boiled egg and half a small avocado on a slice of whole-grain bread, with an additional slice of orange. Total carbohydrates: approximately 39g.

Lunch: Using a Mexican bowl, combine 2/3 cup of low-sodium canned pinto beans, 1 cup of chopped spinach, 1/4 cup of diced tomatoes, 1/4 cup of sweet peppers, 1 ounce of cheese, and 1 tablespoon of salad dressing as a sauce. Total carbohydrates: approximately 30g.

Snack: 20 mini carrots (about 1g each) with 2 tablespoons of hummus. Total carbohydrates: approximately 21g.

Dinner: 1 cup of cooked whole-grain pasta, 1.5 cups of vegetable tomato sauce (cooked with garlic, mushrooms, vegetables, zucchini, and eggplant), and 2 ounces of lean turkey. Total carbohydrates: approximately 35g.

Total carbohydrates for the day: approximately 125g.


Breakfast: 1 cup (100g) cooked oatmeal, 3/4 cup blueberries, 1 ounce almonds, 1 teaspoon (TSP) chia seeds. Total carbohydrates: approximately 34g.

Lunch: Salad: 2 cups of fresh spinach, 2 ounces of grilled chicken breast, 1/2 cup chickpeas, 1/2 cup avocado, 1/2 cup sliced strawberries, 1/4 cup shredded carrots, 2 tablespoons salad dressing. Total carbohydrates: approximately 52g.

Snack: One small peach and 1/3 cup of 2% cottage cheese. Total carbohydrates: approximately 16g.

Dinner: Mediterranean couscous: 2/3 cup whole-grain couscous, 1/2 cup sautéed eggplant, four large tomatoes, five large olives chopped, 1/2 cucumber diced, 1 tablespoon vinegar, fresh basil. Total carbohydrates: approximately 38g.

Total carbohydrates for the day: approximately 140g.



Breakfast: Two egg vegetable omelet (spinach, mushrooms, peppers, avocado), 1/2 cup black beans, 3/4 cup blueberries. Total carbohydrates: approximately 34g.

Lunch: Sandwich: Two slices of regular high-fiber whole-grain bread, 1 tablespoon plain non-fat Greek yogurt and 1 tablespoon mustard, 2 ounces canned tuna, 1/4 cup shredded carrots, 1 tablespoon dressing, 1 cup tomato slices, half a medium apple. Total carbohydrates: approximately 40g.

Snack: 1 cup unsweetened kefir. Total carbohydrates: approximately 12g.

Dinner: 1/2 cup (50g) cooked Lima beans with corn kernels, 1 teaspoon of butter, 2 ounces of pork tenderloin, 1 cup cooked asparagus, 1/2 cup fresh pineapple. Total carbohydrates: approximately 34g.

Total carbohydrates for the day: approximately 120g.


Breakfast: Sweet Potato Toast: Two slices (100g) roasted sweet potato topped with 1 ounce goat cheese, spinach, and 1 teaspoon flaxseeds. Total carbohydrates: approximately 44g.

Lunch: 2 ounces of grilled chicken, 1 cup of lettuce, 1 tablespoon of low-fat French dressing, 1 cup fresh strawberries. Total carbohydrates: approximately 23g.

Snack: 1 cup of low-fat plain Greek yogurt mixed with half a small banana. Total carbohydrates: approximately 15g.

Dinner: 2/3 cup of quinoa, 8 ounces of cabbage, 1 cup of cooked bok choy, 1 cup of steamed cauliflower, 2 teaspoons of olive oil, one kiwi. Total carbohydrates: approximately 44g.

Total carbohydrates for the day: approximately 126g.


Breakfast: 1/3 cup of grape nuts (or high-fiber cereal), half a cup of blueberries, one cup of unsweetened almond milk. Total carbohydrates: approximately 41g.

Lunch: Salad: 2 cups of spinach, 1/4 cup of tomatoes, 1 ounce of cheddar cheese, one hard-boiled egg chopped, 2 tablespoons of yogurt-based dressing, 1/4 cup of grapes, 1 teaspoon of pumpkin seeds, 2 ounces of roasted chickpeas. Total carbohydrates: approximately 47g.

Snack: 1 cup of celery with 1 tablespoon of peanut butter. Total carbohydrates: approximately 6g.

Dinner: 2 ounces of salmon fillet, one medium baked potato, 1 teaspoon of butter, 1.5 cups of steamed asparagus. Total carbohydrates: approximately 39g.

Total carbohydrates for the day: approximately 133g.

DKD diet plan


Breakfast: 1 cup of low-fat Greek yogurt with half a mashed banana, 1 cup of strawberries, and 1 tablespoon of chia seeds. Total carbohydrates: approximately 32g.

Lunch: Two corn tortillas, 1/3 cup of cooked black beans, 1 ounce of low-fat cheese, 2 tablespoons of avocado, and 1 cup of coleslaw. Total carbohydrates: approximately 70g.

Snack: One cherry tomato, 10 mini carrots with 2 tablespoons of hummus. Total carbohydrates: approximately 14g.

Dinner: Half a medium-sized baked potato with skin, 2 ounces of roasted beef, 1 tablespoon of butter, 1.5 cups of steamed cauliflower with 1 tablespoon of nutritional yeast, and three-quarters cup of whole strawberries. Total carbohydrates: approximately 41g.

Total carbohydrates for the day: approximately 157g.


Breakfast: Chocolate Peanut Butter Oatmeal – 1 cup of cooked oats, 1 tablespoon of chocolate vegan or whey protein powder, 1 tablespoon of peanut butter, and 1 tablespoon of chia seeds. Total carbohydrates: approximately 21g.

Lunch: Whole Wheat Pita Pocket Sandwich – half a cup of cucumber, half a cup of tomatoes, half a cup of black beans, half a cup of leafy greens, and 2 tablespoons of salad dressing. Total carbohydrates: approximately 30g.

Snack: 1 ounce of almonds and a small grapefruit. Total carbohydrates: approximately 26g.

Dinner: 2 ounces of boiled shrimp, 1 cup of green peas, 1 tablespoon of butter, half a cup of cooked beets, 1 cup of sautéed beet greens, and 1 tablespoon of vinegar. Total carbohydrates: approximately 39g.

Total carbohydrates for the day: approximately 116g.

DKD diet plan

Insulin resistance and obesity are intricately linked, and many individuals with diabetes may need to lose weight or prevent weight gain. One common approach to weight management is calorie counting. The number of calories an individual needs daily depends on various factors such as blood sugar levels, activity level, height, gender, specific goals for weight loss, gain or maintenance, use of insulin and other medications, personal preferences, and budget, among others. There are various dietary approaches that can help individuals achieve and maintain a healthy weight, and not all dietary patterns involve complex calorie counting.

DASH diet

DASH diet

The DASH diet, which stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, has consistently ranked among the top diets globally, along with the Mediterranean diet, flexitarian diet, and others. It was originally developed as a dietary approach to help prevent and manage high blood pressure. The DASH diet primarily emphasizes the consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds, as well as low-fat or fat-free dairy, poultry, and fish. It encourages individuals to avoid excessive intake of salt, sugar, unhealthy fats, red meat, and processed carbohydrates. Not only is it beneficial for alleviating high blood pressure, but it also helps in controlling blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood lipid levels. Due to its balanced nutritional profile and ease of understanding, the DASH diet is often associated with weight management.

Visual: The Plate Method for Weight Loss

Obtaining an adequate balance of nutrients from food is essential for everyone, and the Plate Method helps individuals visualize this balance when planning their meals. It encourages the use of a standard 9-inch plate to help people visualize nutritional balance. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that a plate filled with food should include:

50% non-starchy vegetables

25% lean protein sources, such as tofu, fish, or skinless poultry or turkey

25% high-fiber carbohydrates, such as whole grains or legumes

Individuals needing more carbohydrate intake can add a small amount of fresh fruit and a cup of milk to this plate.

DKD diet plan

Fat is an important component of the diet that shouldn’t be overlooked

While fat-containing foods are low in carbohydrates, they are high in calories. Individuals with diabetes can use oils for cooking and flavor but should do so in moderation. Limited amounts of the following types of fats are more beneficial for health:

  1. Monounsaturated fats, such as olive oil, canola oil, and avocados.
  2. Polyunsaturated fats, found in sources like sesame and nuts.
  3. Saturated fats, primarily found in coconut oil, animal fats, and dairy products, can increase the risk of high cholesterol and cardiovascular diseases.

Current dietary guidelines recommend that:

  1. Adults should obtain 45% to 65% of their daily calories from carbohydrates.
  2. Less than 10% of daily calories should come from added sugars.
  3. Fat intake should be between 20% to 35% of daily calories.
  4. Less than 10% of daily calories should come from saturated fats.
  5. Protein intake should range from 10% to 35% of daily calories.

More detailed and personalized recommendations are best obtained through consultation with a healthcare provider.

One method for managing blood sugar levels is to control daily carbohydrate intake and how these carbohydrates are distributed in the diet. People with diabetes can use carbohydrate exchange lists to “spend” their daily carbohydrates. These lists rank foods based on the amount of carbohydrates they contain, making it simpler to swap one food for another.

Experts no longer recommend a standard carbohydrate intake for individuals with diabetes because everyone has different requirements. It’s advisable for individuals with diabetes to discuss with their healthcare provider how many carbohydrates they should consume each day, what types of carbohydrates to consume, and how to distribute them throughout their meals. The type of carbohydrates also impacts the total amount that can be eaten. Highly processed carbohydrates and added sugars cause rapid spikes in blood sugar levels without providing nutritional benefits. Dietary fiber, on the other hand, digests slowly and helps with weight and glucose management. Current guidelines suggest that most adults should aim for 28.0 to 33.6 grams of dietary fiber daily, with men possibly needing up to 38 grams per day.

CKD diet

Glycemic Index (GI)

Low GI foods (score of 55 or lower): 100% stone-ground whole grains, whole wheat bread, sweet potatoes with skin, most fruits, whole oats.

Medium GI foods (56-69): Quick oats, brown rice, whole wheat pita bread.

High GI foods (70 and above): White bread, red potatoes, candy, white rice, cantaloupe.

Every individual’s diabetes and kidney condition can vary, so it’s best to develop a personalized diet plan under the guidance of a doctor or registered dietitian. They can help ensure that your diet aligns with your health needs while providing adequate nutrition. Additionally, regular monitoring of blood sugar and kidney function is essential to ensure that the condition is effectively managed.

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